Addiction is a difficult thing to define. There are many types of models used to define addiction and define where it comes from. It is importsant to realize, that no matter what the origins of addiction are, it is something a person and a family system can recover from.
The current models of belief around addiction are outlined below. It is important to realize what your belief system is, in terms of addiction and your family. This will greatly impact and enhance our discussions in moving forward with an Intervention.
Moral Model: Those who believe in the Moral Model believe that Addiction is a moral failing. Drug dependent people are considered morally weak, and addiction is seen as a fault of ones character. Rather than proposing treatment for addicts, the moral model views punishment as a better response.
Addiction as a disease: According to the disease model, addiction is a brain disease. It is characterized by altered brain structure and functioning. These brain abnormalities cause persons with this disease to become addicted to substances or activities, once exposure to these substances or activities occurs. This model considers addiction irreversible once acquired. Under this model, abstinence is the only solution.
Bio-Psycho-Social Model of Addiction: Many things influence the development of an addiction. While we do not yet know how these various influences combine to form an addiction, we do know there are two basic types. One type of influence is biological forces, such a person's genetics. The second type is environmental influences. This includes people's life experiences. Early life experiences, interpersonal relationships, and culture can heavily influence us. The Bio-Psycho-Social (BPS) Model of addiction recognizes these different aspects of addiction are inter-related.
Click on the links below to learn more about different types of Addiction: